When you were a young child, before you even understood the concept of reading, you probably learned the letters of the alphabet and the sounds they made. They are the building blocks Legos of Language! How is dance like learning the ABC’s?
Just as letters are put together to form words, the basics of dance are put together to form more complicated movements. You’ll never perform a great jump, for instance, without a plié or quality bend of the knees. A grand battement is just a kick without a tendue. A time step would be nothing without shuffles and flaps.
When learning to recognize letters, it is usually just the way the shape looks that becomes familiar initially. Later we begin to understand that each letter has sounds associated with it, we learn the rules about how the letter sounds in a certain instance, we learn to guess how that letter may be used in spelling a word, etc. Gradually we find and understand that letters are more complex than lines on a page and learn to master these complexities. We learn movement in a similar fashion. At first we see and copy how it looks. Only gradually and with practice and experience do we begin to see basic movements as having multiple components and uses in movement. The more we learn about the basics the smarter we are about dancing in general.
If you never learned to recognize or remember the sounds of each letter, reading entire words and sentences would be very difficult. Because letters give you a clue as to the sound and pronunciation of the word, it would be quite challenging to make guesses or inferences about a word. Without familiarity of the alphabet, you might need to learn every new word individually. Coming across a word you haven’t seen before would almost be like starting from scratch and if you memorized it incorrectly you might not be able to catch the mistake on your own. Learning advanced movements before having a good understanding of the basics is just as inefficient. When you have a strong handle on the basics, you are able to guess and infer using muscle memory and apply your knowledge to a new step even if you’ve never tried it before. A student attempting advanced skills before mastering the basics is practically starting from scratch each time something new is introduced and he/she is more likely to form bad habits that will take time to go back and correct.
Before we learn to write in a fluid, cursive style, we are first taught to print – separating each stroke of our pencil to create a clean and clear letter. To build strong technique, it is helpful to break down movement in the same way. Beginners often learn to make clean and clear arm movements while standing still before they add locomotion. They practice balancing in a pose before trying to turn a pose. They learn the steps before they add the style. Gradually, a student is able to connect the dots without this process, movements are absorbed and executed as fluidly as cursive letters on a page.
When we learn to write letters we are asked to reproduce the standard version of a letter, making a Q much like all of the other students is a valued skill. We are also typically given extra lines on a page to support the replicating of the letters. As we gain experience we need these extra lines less and will gradually adopt our own unique penmanship. However, we needed to practice the standard version to help ensure that our writing began as legibly and neatly as possible before we started “messing” with it. In dance we often use the support of the barre and are asked to practice movements in a certain way so that we have a strong foundation. In this way our technique can remain clear and strong even when, eventually, we are able or encouraged to bend the rules and add our own unique style.
But, Nichelle, what about creativity? Before we ever learn to write letters, it is VERY important to spend a lot of time scribbling, not only to get used to holding a writing instrument but also to express oneself. No matter how much time we spend learning the technique of making letters, drawing, scribbling, and creating is typically encouraged (or should be) throughout childhood and beyond. In fact the benefits are reciprocal. Creativity inspires the desire to improve technique and as technique gets better, creativity and artistry has the freedom to advance to a higher level. For this very reason, I try to always encourage students to move, improvise, and create not only as young students (before true technical study) but as advancing students who are in the process of learning technical skills.
Gee! There’s nothing here! I promised seven ways dance is like learning the ABC’s but only delivered six. That’s because I’d like to challenge you to come up with number seven. I know your creative little minds are going to produce some great analogies that will appeal to other students or teachers. I look forward to reading them in the comments below!